The Manchester Genealogist
1851 census of Manchester, Salford And Districts
Report No. 2
Second progress report on the transcription work
at the Public Record Office to retrieve entries from previously
unfilmed 1851 census returns for Manchester and District.
Members who are waiting for the issue of the unfilmed
1851 census returns for several districts in and around Manchester
will have read in previous editions of the Manchester Genealogist
of the transcription work being undertaken by a small team of London-based
members, at the Public Record Office in Chancery Lane. This work
started in April 1991 and has continued ever since with m embers
attending on Wednesdays and Thursdays, subject to supervision arrangements
with PRO staff. The original returns are in very poor condition
and, at first glance, are unlikely to reveal their secrets because
of a brown wash covering all pages. Constant use of a magnifying
glass, reliance on good natural light, good detective skills and
lots of patience are the main characteristics of the work, which
is very slow and time-consuming. The really bad returns take as
much as 45 minutes per page to transcribe and there is no guarantee
that all the original text can be deciphered. The returns for the
unfilmed sections of Chorlton on Medlock (HO 107/2220) and Deansgate
(HO 107/2227) are amongst the most badly damaged, and very few names
have been recaptured from each piece. They have already been or
are in the process of being published on microfiche by the Society.
Salford Greengate (HO 107/2223)
These returns are contained in 6 books (references 472/3 3A to 3F)
and cover 44 Enumeration Districts with an original population of
over 34,700 persons. Book 3A has already been filmed and indexed
(Sumame index volume 11) but a single transcription was undertaken
and has identified a further 500 entries. The results will be published
as an addendum to volume 11 in the near future.
The area covered by all 6 books is that part of Salford
which is bounded by the River Irwell on the west, north and east
sides, and Chapel Street on the south side. The last of the 2,170
transcription sheets for these areas were passed up to Clayton House
in August 1993. Unfortunately, due to delays in computer programming
and inputting problems these returns have only recently been made
ready for microfiche production and it is hoped that they will be
available early next year. We estimate that over 60% of the original
entries have been recaptured.
Hulme (HO 107/2221)
Three books holding the returns for 29 Enumeration Districts with
over 20,000 persons listed on 1,342 pages have recently been completed
and are currently being computer inputted by volunteers at Manchester.
They should be available on microfiche in 1996.
Details of each book are as follows:-
||2FF to 200
||2PP to 2WW
||2XX to 2AI
The overall recapture rate is 60% with the entries
for over 12,400 persons now revealed for the first time for 140
Tile principal streets in each book are as follows:-
Book 4E: Boundary Lane, Boundary
Stree4 Chapman St, Embden St, Naylor St, Preston St, Renshaw St,
Ruby St, Stretford Rd, Upper Duke St, Upper Jackson St, Upper Medlock
St, Upper Willmott St, Vine St, Wude St.
Book 4F: Boston St, Chapman St, Chester Rd, City
Rd, Duke St, Embden St, Fernley St, George St, Gt Jackson St, Harris
St, Holt St, Medlock St, Owen St, Preston St, River St, Upper Moss
Lane, Warwick St, Welcomb St.
Book 4G: Chester St, Clarendon St, Devonshire St,
Duke S4 George St, Gt Jackson St, Leaf St, Medlock St, Newcastle
St, Stott St, Stretford Rd, Welcomb St.
Oldham - below - Town (HO 107/2240)
The returns for nine Enumeration Districts situated on the north-west
side of the town centre have been transcribed and are now awaiting
a final check against the originals. The area had an original population
of 5,700 and was bounded by Featherstall Road in the west and north,
Royton Street in the east and Manchester Street in the south. The
370 transcription sheets will be sent to Manchester for inputting
Ashton under Lyne (HO 107/2233)
The team has almost completed the transcription work for the following
Book 2A: Knott Lanes - the area
stretching from Hey and Lees in the north, the Failsworth boundary
in the west, Mossley in the east and the northern boundary of Ashton
Town in the south.
Book 2B: Ashton Town - the area bounded by Mill
Lane in the northeast, Stamford Street and Stockport Rd in the northwest
and the River Tame in the south.
Book 2C: Ashton Town - from the town's boundary
in the north Arlington Street and Cricket's Lane in the east, Stamford
Street in the south and Wrighton Street and Boston Street in the
The above books cover 21 enumeration districts with
an original population of 19,260 persons on 1,120 pages. We estimate
that over 14,500 win be recaptured for use by researchers.
Salford Regent Road (HO 10712224)
We have transcribed the returns for the Regent Road Barracks (51
pages) and have passed them to Manchester for future publication.
The remainder of this district, which is contained in 665 pages
in two books, will be transcribed next, with an estimated completion
date of March 1996.
The returns for the following districts are awaiting transcription
work, which will commence sometime next year. HO 107/2222, Salford
Pendleton and Pendlebury (3 books). HO 107/2230, Manchester St George's
(2 books). HO 107,2233 Great and Little Heaton, Harpurhey and Prestwich
One of the Salford books covering Pendleton is very
badly damaged and the recapture rate will be fairly low.
We have raised with the PRO authorities the possibility of using
computerised scanning techniques to read the badly faded documents.
This technique was illustrated very clearly in an article which
appeared in the December (1993) edition of the journal and which
explained the successful use of the process to enhance several million
documents in Spain in 1983. We have been advised that the Spanish
the PRO are exploring modem developments. We are actively discussing
the way forward so that the remaining returns may be subjected to
these techniques and the results made available to the public as
soon as possible. It would also make a change from peering through
the gloom and using a magnifying glass for hours on end!
Ray Hulley (1823) Project Co-ordinator
Copyright © 2011-2021 Ray Hulley. All rights reserved.