Family Trees - Cheshire
The Hulley surname in this county
has passed through many variations throughout the ages. From my
research into the family ancestry using the thousands of Court Rolls
at The National Archives (TNA) in London it is apparent that the name
started out as de Holeye/de Holey in the earliest documents searched
- the Macclesfield Eyre Rolls of 1281 - and then modified into de
Hulley by 1369. This is demonstrated by the following sequence of name spellings:
1288 William de Holey
1302 John de Holeye de Somerford
1322 John de Holeye de Somerford Booth
1328 John de Holeye (deceased)
1350 Robus de Holey
1351 Rob de Holy
1358 Ad de Holey
1359 Adam de Hull
1359 Adam de Hollay
1362 Adam de Hollay
1369 Adam de Hulley
The 'de' prefix of 'de Hulley' was
dropped around 1440 and the name replaced for a short time with
Variants of HULLEY
a. Heghlegh, Helegh and Heyley
Throughout this period Heghlegh/Helegh/Holegh and Heyley was
in widespread use in Cheshire and there are hundreds of entries
in the Court Rolls. Other forms consisted of de Hewelegh, de Heghlogh,
and de Heuylegh. I have confirmed through my researches that Hulley
is not derived from this root. Helegh was an important land-owning
family in the Macclesfield area and the Court Rolls have many references
to them. Some of these entries are because of the family's connection
with the judicial system, i.e. as attorneys, barristers and jurymen.
In later years the surname changed to Heeley/Healey, which continues in use today.
This surname was concentrated in the south west part of the
county and was most probably derived from a location. The town of
Hoole is the modern-day survivor of the place from where the surname
comes. The first example of this name was in the Eyre Rolls of 1302
(Richard de Hole/Hulle of Dunham) and then later as Philip, Hugh,
Roger and John de Hole, all of Hole. The name disappeared from the
rolls in the 1320s and reappeared on the odd occasion from 1362
onwards, e.g. Hugo de Holes 1362, John de Hole 1370, Rogis de Holes
of de Holes 1400.
The first appearance of this name occurred
in 1558 when 'Laurent Hooley de Dyngemosse' (later known as Danesmoss)
was named as an executor of the will of John Bancroft. He was shown
previously as Hulley and Holey. This surname was adopted by John
of the One House (born circa 1530) and also by subsequent generations
of this family until the name reverted back to Hulley with Jonathan
born 1733, whose ancestors have carried it forward since then.
Hooley still occurs in Cheshire, Derbyshire
and Lancashire to this day and most of the families are derived
from the Hulley root of the 16th century.
Similar to Hooley, this variant has come and gone throughout
the Hulley ancestry. It first appeared as a variant in 1573 when
Elizabeth Howley claimed a debt off Thomas Hyde. Henry Hulley of
the One House used the surname when he moved to Macclesfield Park
and started the Howley family of that location in 1608.
This was first noted in the Court Rolls in 1351 when it
was initially interpreted as Hauley, and was assumed to be a possible
early variant of Hulley. Subsequent analysis of Court Rolls and
the project undertaken by Dr. A.M. Tonkinson MA PhD in 1990 covering
the Halmote and Portmote Court Rolls of Macclesfield from 1349
to 1396 has disproved this theory and the name is definitely Hanley.
This is also a present-day Cheshire location, with Lyme Hanley
being the most significant.
The following family trees have been
developed from a wide variety of sources:
1. The Hulley family of the One
2. The Hulley family of Macclesfield Town
3. The Hulley family of Macclesfield Park
4. The Hulley family of Macclesfield Forest
5. The Hulley family of Great Warford and Alderley
All the above groupings are contained
in my publication The History and Hulley Families of The One
House, Rainow near Macclesfield, Cheshire. This is a 62-page
A5 booklet with seven parts giving details of its history from 1166
to its demolition in 1939 - a span of over 770 years. The booklet
also contains 9 appendices with all the above family trees; transcriptions
of ancient documents concerning the family; and 11 illustrations
showing some views of the house before its demise. The
section of this web site has more details, including a list of contents,
reviews by family history journals and an order form.
March 2010 Update - this book is now out of print so is currently unavailable. It is hoped to produce a new version with much more information in it. Watch out for announcements on this page.